1. Carefully picking through hair or
fur looking for insects, twigs,
and other debris. This is common
behavior for primates. It helps
them keep clean and satisfies
psychological needs. It usually
is a very pleasurable activity for
primates, including humans.
4. A term referring to animals that
are adapted to life in the trees.
6. A term referring to animals that
are normally awake and active
during the night but sleep during
8. A term referring to vision with
10. A close African relative of the
Asian Loris. They are slow,
cautious climbers and creepers on
forest branches like lorises.
12. A species of Madagascar primates
that have long spring-like legs
that allow them to jump over 30
feet from tree to tree. This
evolutionary specialization of
their legs forces them to hop
rather than walk when on the
ground. They are members of the
16. The term for the ability to
physically grasp something. All
primate hands have this
capability. With the exception of
humans, they all also have feet
that can do it. The larger New
World monkeys have tails that can
do it as well.
17. The technical name for a
collarbone. All primates have one
of these bones on each side of the
body going from the center of the
upper chest to the shoulders.
18. The characteristic of having five
fingers on each hand and five toes
on each foot.
21. The characteristic of having a
diet consisting of both meat and
23. The time between conception and
birth in animals. Another word
for this is pregnancy.
25. A strong grip formed by the
partial flexion of the fingers and
the palm with counter force
applied by the thumb. You would
use this kind of grip to hold a
shovel or bicycle handlebars while
28. The characteristic of having a diet consisting only of vegetable
29. A term referring to North,
Central, and South America. By
comparison, the Old World refers
to Europe, Africa, and Asia. This
distinction is an ethnocentric
reflection of the European origin
of our modern sciences.
2. The largest non-human Madagascar
primate. During the early
evening, they mark their
territories in the tree tops with
loud, piercing vocalizations. By
doing this, they space themselves
out in the forest. They are
members of the family Indriidae.
3. A small arboreal African prosimian
in the superfamily Lorisoidea.
They are fast hoppers that can
jump 30 times their own body
length. They are also called bush
5. The big island on which lemurs are
found today. Along with a few
small neighboring islands, this is
the only place in the world that
lemurs have survived in the wild.
7. The sense of touch.
9. A rat-sized primate from some of
the islands off Southeast Asia.
Biochemically they are close to
monkeys, but chromosomally they
are unique among the primates.
Unlike the lemurs, they lack a
long snout and a rhinarium, or
moist, hairless pad at the end.
They can rotate their heads nearly
180°, like owls. They have long
hairless tails, except for tuffs
on the end, like kangaroo rats.
11. A term referring to animals that
are adapted to life on the ground.
13. A grip formed by pinching with the
tips of the flexed forefingers and
the thumb. This allows a hand to
be used effectively for
manipulating even tiny objects.
You would use this kind of grip to
hold a pencil while writing.
14. The ability to see things in three
dimensions (3-D). This kind of
vision is what allows for true
15. The biological order that includes
humans, monkeys, apes, and
19. A South Asian prosimian in the
superfamily Lorisoidea. They are
about the size of domesticated
cats. They are slow, cautious climbers and creepers on forest
branches. They have unpleasant
tasting poisonous saliva that they
lick onto their fur. Mothers also
lick the fur of their babies which
helps to protect them from
20. A term referring to animals that
are normally awake and active
during the daylight hours but
sleep during the nighttime.
22. The sense of smell.
24. The primate suborder that includes
the lemurs, lorises, and related
animals. This was the first
suborder of primates to evolve.
26. A term referring to the ability to
walk and run on two feet. By
comparison, four footed animals
27. A very rare, mostly solitary
species of Madagascar primates
that have elongated, narrow
fingers with claw-like compressed
nails that are used, along with
their long, curved, rodent-like
incisor teeth, to get at grubs
under tree bark and other hard to
reach delicacies. They are the
only members of the family Daubentoniidae.