Practice Quiz for
Early Modern Homo sapiens

No. of Questions= 12

INSTRUCTIONS: To answer a question, click the button in front of your choice. A response will appear in the window below the question to let you know if you are correct. Be sure to read the feedback. It is designed to help you learn the material. You can also learn by reading the feedback for incorrect answers.

1 Which of the following statements is true of the earliest modern Homo sapiens?
a) They first began to appear about 350,000 years ago in Africa.
b) Their ancestors were the Neandertals.
c) Their technologies were similar to those of early Neandertals.
d) all of the above
2 Which of the following physical traits are characteristic of modern humans but not of Neandertals?
a) heavy, protruding brow ridges
b) low, sloping forehead
c) pointed chins
3 Which of the following statements is true of the Cro-Magnon people?
a) They were a late Neandertal population in Western Europe.
b) Their skeletons generally were lighter than the Neandertals.
c) They were similar in appearance to modern Europeans.
d) b and c
4 The first modern Homo sapiens in Southwest Asia date to around 100,000 years ago or slightly earlier. When did they first appear in the fossil record of East Asia and Europe?
a) 250,000 years ago
b) 100,000 years ago
c) 60,000-40,000 years ago
d) 30,000-15,000 years ago
5 In which of the following models of evolution is it proposed that all modern Homo sapiens share relatively modern African ancestry and that all other lines of humans that had descended from Homo erectus became extinct?
a) replacement model
b) regional continuity model
c) neither of the above
6 Both the regional continuity and the replacement models of modern human evolution accept that:
a) all humans have their ultimate roots in Africa
b) The immediate ancestor of modern humans were archaic Homo sapiens
c) a and b
d) none of the above
7 The genetic evidence for a "mitochondrial Eve" best fits the ________________ model.
a) regional continuity
b) replacement
c) neither of the above
8 Which of the following statements is true concerning our understanding of the evolution of modern humans?
a) There is no longer any doubt about which model is correct.
b) There is no fossil evidence that challenges the replacement model.
c) none of the above
9 "Beringia" refers to:
a) a land connection between Siberia and Alaska during the height of the last ice age
b) a type of DNA evidence supporting the replacement model of modern Homo sapiens evolution
c) a prominent region of the skull found on Neandertals but not modern humans
10 The archaeological evidence now strongly indicates that the first people in the Americas arrived there _____________ years ago.
a) 50,000
b) 20,000-15,000
c) 8-5,000
11 Which of the following statements is true of the Cro-Magnon people of Europe?
a) They probably migrated into Europe from elsewhere.
b) They were the first people to migrate into the Americas.
c) They eliminated the Neandertals within a thousand years of coming into contact with them.
12 If the replacement model of modern Homo sapiens evolution is correct, then:
a) all modern Chinese are descendents of Africans who left Africa around 70,000 years ago or a bit earlier.
b) skin color and other physical differences between human populations today must have begun with Homo erectus.
c) both of the above


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