3. The model of modern Homo sapiens
origin that rejects both the
complete replacement and regional
continuity models. (Hint: this
new model incorporates ideas from
both of the old ones. Another name for it is the
6. Spear hunting was revolutionized
by the invention of this device
that allows a spear to be thrown
farther. It was invented by at
least 17,000-15,000 years ago.
Another name for this device is
10. A characteristic of incisor teeth
that Homo erectus shared with most
East Asian and Native American
12. The intercontinental land connection that appeared between
Siberia and Alaska as a result of sea levels dropping more than 300 feet during
the last ice age. This area is
also called the Bering Plain.
13. The general term for a tool that
has multiple parts. When one part
breaks, it can be replaced rather
than replacing the entire tool.
Upper Paleolithic tools that are
in this category included
detachable harpoon points and
interchangeable spear foreshafts
of hard wood attached to spears.
14. The most well known thing found in
the cave sites at Lascaux, France
and Altamira, Spain.
15. A narrow gouging chisel made from
a stone flake. This tool was used
by Upper Paleolithic craftsmen to
make, shape, and decoratively
engrave bone, tusk, and antler
16. The presumed function of the cave
art produced by Cro-Magnon people.
This is based on the fact that
the majority of the figures
represented are herd animals that
they ate, many of which are shown
either wounded or pregnant.
19. The general name given to the late
ice age modern Homo sapiens who appeared in Europe by 40,000 years
ago. Their skeletons generally
were lighter than the Neandertals
who occupied Europe at that time.
They had broad, small faces with
pointed chins and high foreheads.
They are the ancestors of modern
20. A type of evidence that
supports the replacement
model of modern Homo sapiens
21. The general type of evidence that
best supports the regional
continuity model of modern Homo
1. A tool making technique used in
the Upper Paleolithic as a further
refinement in shaping glass-like
rock artifacts. After preliminary
shaping by percussion flaking, a
hard pointed object, like the tip
of a deer antler, was used in this
method to literally push off
flakes in the final shaping and thinning process of a tool.
2. The stage of the Paleoithic in
which the advanced stone and bone
tool traditions of the Cro-Magnon
and other late ice age modern
4. What the Venus figurines made by
the Cro-Magnon people are thought
to symbolize for those people.
5. The biological genus, species, and
variety to which every human today
7. The model of modern Homo sapiens
origin that says that they evolved
from archaic humans 200,000-
100,000 years ago only in Africa
and then some of them migrated
into the rest of the Old World
replacing all of the Neandertals
and other late archaic humans.
8. The model of modern Homo sapiens
origin that says that they evolved
more or less simultaneously in all
major regions of the Old World
from local archaic human
9. The specialized subsistence pattern that was the source of
much of the food consumed by late
ice age people in the cold regions
of the northern hemisphere.
11. A kind of raw material for tool
making that came into much more
common use in the late Upper
Paleolithic tool traditions. This
material had been used
occasionally in earlier tool
traditions, but was only modified
clumsily by hammering, scraping,
and burning. Among the Cro-Magnon
people, it progressively replaced
wood and stone for many functions.
17. The continent where the oldest
modern Homo sapiens have been
18. A kind of small carved figurine of
a woman that can fit into the hand
made by the Cro-Magnon people.
Such figurines usually were
faceless idealized representations
of well fed and usually pregnant
women with large buttocks. They
were made from 35,000 years ago
down to the end of the last ice
age 10,000 years ago.