Credits

Tutorial Menu:

 1.    Two photos of people from around the world and two photos of apes
reproduced with permission from Corel Corporation, Ottawa, Canada

How Old is Old?

 1.   Painting of James Ussher
public domain
 2. Painting of Sir Edmond Halley FRS (Fellow of the Royal Society)
reproduced by permission of The President and Council of the  Royal Society, London
 3. Painting of William Smith
  public domain
 4. Photo of Charles Lyell
from Portraits of Men of Eminence (1863)
 5. Photo of William Thomson (Lord Kelvin)
  public domain
 6. Photo of Charles Darwin
from Portraits of Men of Eminence (1863)
 7. Radiometric Dating--video clip from PBS 1998 series Odyssey (copyright 1998 WGBH Educational Foundation)
  linked with permission from WGBH Educational Foundation, Boston
 8. Time chart of early life
produced by Dennis O'Neil
 9. Time chart of recent life
from Portraits of Men of Eminence (1863)
10. Time chart of recent life related to geological eras
from Portraits of Men of Eminence (1863)
11. Permian-Triassic Extinction--video clip from PBS Nova: Science Now series
(copyright 2006 WGBH Educational Foundation)
  linked with permission from WGBH Educational Foundation, Boston
12. Map of the earth's landmasses at 225 million years ago
produced by Dennis O'Neil
13. Map of the earth's landmasses at 125 million years ago
produced by Dennis O'Neil
14. Plate Tectonics: An Introduction--video clip from Teachers' Domain (copyright 2005 WGBH Educational Foundation)
  reproduced with permission from Teachers' Domain

The First Primates:

 1.   Time chart illustrating the recency of primate evolution
produced by Dennis O'Neil
 2. Map of the earth's landmasses at 65 million years ago
produced by Dennis O'Neil
 3. Map of the earth's landmasses at present
produced by Dennis O'Neil
 4. Painting of a small insectivore from the end of the Mesozoic Era
reproduced with permission from Corel Corporation, Ottawa, Canada
 5. First Primates--new fossil evidence of early primate evolution--video clip from PBS series Nova Science Now on July 9, 2008 (copyright 2008 WGBH Educational Foundation)
  linked with permission from WGBH Educational Foundation, Boston
 6. Time chart of the Cenozoic Era focusing on the Paleocene and Eocene Epochs
produced by Dennis O'Neil
 7. Drawing of Smilodectes (lemur-like family Adapidae from the Eocene Epoch)
reproduced with permission from Rudolf Freund for Scientific American (E.L. Simons, "The Early Relatives of Man," Scientific American, July 1964, p. 57)--enhanced by Dennis O'Neil
 8. Photo of  Darwinius masillae fossil, a new genus and species of the family Adapidae, from Messel in Germany
  Created by Jens L. Franzen, Philip D. Gingerich, Jrg Habersetzer1, Jrn H. Hurum, Wighart von Koenigswald, B. Holly Smith (reproduced from Wikipedia under Creative Commons agreement)
 9. Drawings of Eocene Era primate and modern human skulls
source unknown (enhanced by Dennis O'Neil) (see note)
10. Drawing of a hornless rhinoceros (Indricotherium transouralicum)
  reproduced with permission from the creator, Dmitry Bogdanov, under the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 (source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Indricotherium11.jpg)
11. Time chart of the Cenozoic Era focusing on the Oligocene Epoch
produced by Dennis O'Neil
12. Painting of Aegyptopithecus
  reproduced with permission from the creator, Nobu Tamura, under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported(source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Aegyptopithecus_NT.jpg)
13. Map of the Great Rift Valley system
produced by Dennis O'Neil
14. Map of India Forcing up the Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau
produced by Dennis O'Neil
15. Time chart of the Cenozoic Era focusing on the Miocene Epoch
produced by Dennis O'Neil
16. Painting of Proconsul
  reproduced with permission from the creator, Nobu Tamura, under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported(source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Proconsul_NT.jpg)
17. photo of a proconsul skull in side view
  produced by Dennis O'Neil
18. Did humans evolve from apes--video clip from PBS 2001 series Evolution (copyright 2001 WGBH Educational Foundation and Clear Blue Sky Productions, Inc.)
  linked with permission from WGBH Educational Foundation, Boston
19. Time chart summarizing primate evolution over the last 60 million years
produced by Dennis O'Neil

Glossary of Terms:   (illustrations already referenced above are not listed)

 1.   Drawing of a human fetus in-utero 
reproduced with permission from Corel Corporation, Ottawa, Canada (enhanced by Dennis O'Neil)
 2. Photo of mammalian dentition
reproduced with permission from Corel Corporation, Ottawa, Canada (enhanced by Dennis O'Neil)

  

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Copyright 1999-2011 by Dennis O'Neil. All rights reserved.