Flashcards for Culture Change
Topics 3-4:  Acculturation: Parts I-II
(17 cards)

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Copyright © 2004 by Dennis O'Neil. All rights reserved.

The general term for an amalgamation or incorporation of traditional and introduced alien culture traits.


The society that was acculturated the most as a result of the contact between Australian Aborigines and Europeans.

Australian Aborigines

The society that was acculturated the most as a result of the contact between Mongols and Chinese after the Mongols conquered China in the 13th century A.D.


The term for a conscious, organized movement that attempts to revive or perpetuate selected aspects of an indigenous culture or to gain control of the direction and rate of culture change being forced on them.

millenarian movement (also known as messianic, nativistic, and revitalization movement)

The Cargo Cults and the Ghost Dance Movements are examples of this kind of movement that occurs in response to rapid acculturation.

millenarian movement
Where the Cargo Cults occurred.

indigenous societies of New Guinea and the neighboring islands

Where the first Ghost Dance Movement spread to and flourished in the early 1870’s.

Indians of Central and Northern California

Where the second Ghost Dance Movement spread to and flourished in the late 1880’s and early 1890’s.

Indians of the Great Plains (especially the Arapaho, Northern Cheyenne, and Sioux)

The two major things that 19th and early 20th century millenarian movements around the world in non-Western societies had in common.

They usually developed in small, previously isolated societies with low levels of technology, and they were largely a response to the psychological stresses from being pressured to acculturate.

The common goal of millenarian movements for those who participate in them.

elimination or control of the alien people, customs, and values that are threatening their own culture

A feeling of alienation and isolation from all other people, including family and friends. (Hint: this word came into English from French.)


The things that “Heaven's Gate”, the “Branch Davidians”, and the “People's Temple” had in common. (Hint: they were late 20th century millenarian movements founded by charismatic leaders.)

The followers were disillusioned, alienated people who were desperately searching for a more meaningful world view. All three movements failed to achieve their prophesized goals and came to an abrupt end with mass suicide and murder.

The region where the Purari Delta tribes live.

Papua New Guinea (Southwest Pacific Ocean)

The traditional purpose of the pairama ceremony among the Purari tribes.

to make boys into men and instruct them in the elaborate male secret religious belief system of their culture

The central act of the pairama ceremony. (Hint: this part involved imunu.)

eating part of a dead human enemy

The act or attempt to systematically kill all members of an ethnic group or culture. (Hint: the Nazi extermination of Jews and gypsies by the millions before and during World War II is an example of this.)


The act or attempt to systematically destroy another people's ethnicity or culture. (Hint: the legalized "kidnapping" of Native American children so that they could be educated as Europeanized Canadians and Americans during the late 19th and early 20th centuries is an example of this.)