1. The general term for a threatening
gesture, stare, pose, or display
intended to intimidate others.
4. The term for claiming territory
and warning off intruders with
one’s own urine or other chemicals
produced by glands in the body.
8. Recognizing family ties between
mothers and their children. This
is the only kind of descent that
know—individuals know who their
mother is but not their father.
9. The social group composition
pattern of chimpanzees. This is
the social group composition
pattern in which the group size
and composition changes throughout
the year with different activities
10. The term for adult male and female
members of a community who are at
the peak of their gender based
13. A mating pattern in which an
individual has only one mate.
16. A term referring to the behavior
pattern in which there is active
defense by community members of
their shared home range or
18. A term used by primatologists to
refer to a sound produced
primarily by the throat and mouth.
Among nonhuman primates, these
include a wide variety of hoots,
whistles, grunts, etc.
20. A term referring broadly to
learned behavior patterns. These
include the skills and knowledge
necessary for survival. They do
not include genetically inherited
capabilities, instincts, and
21. The social group composition
pattern of gibbons and siamangs.
22. A mating pattern in which one
female has more than one male
mate. This is a form of polygamy.
23. The period of time when female
animals are sexually excited and
receptive to mating. This occurs
around the time of ovulation in
24. The social group composition
pattern of gorillas. One male
regularly mates with more than one
female. It is not a promiscuous
mating pattern. Rather, the male
and his female mates form a
distinct mating and child rearing
25. The general term for a micro-
habitat in nature to which a
population of organisms adapt.
2. The social group composition
pattern of orangutans.
3. The term for grooming oneself.
4. A Things, such as a word, that
represent something else. That is
to say, a word is a combination of
sounds with arbitrarily assigned
specific meanings. The meanings
cannot be discerned by listening
to the sounds. They must be
5. The social group composition
pattern of savanna baboons,
macaques. There are no stable
heterosexual bonds--both males and
females have a number of different
6. The social group composition
pattern of marmosets and tamarins.
7. The term for a group of animals
that seek food together. In the
case of non-human primates, this
group may consist of all community
members or only some of them. The
size of this group normally
adjusts to the abundance of the
11. A mating pattern in which one male
has more than one female mate.
This is a form of polygamy.
12. The term for carefully picking
through the hair of another
individual, looking for insects,
twigs, and other debris.
14. The study of primates and their
15. A term referring to a very
rudimentary culture. Chimpanzees
and possibly other great apes have
such simple cultures. While they
are dependent on their community's learned behavior patterns for survival, they do not have complex cultural technologies like humans.
17. The general term for a non-captive
group or population of primates or
other animals that is living in
its natural habitat, largely free
from constraints imposed by humans.
19. A term for the hierarchy (i.e.,
relative ranking) of individuals
in a group.